Shaykh al-Islam Taqi al-Din al-Subki, Imam al-Munawi, Imam ibn ‘Abidin al-Shami, and Imam Mustafa ibn Ahmad al-Shatti on ibn Taymiyya’s View on Tawassul

Shaykh al-Islam Taqi al-Din al-Subki (D. 756AH) on ibn Taymiyya’s view on Tawassul as cited by Imam ‘Abd al-Ra’uf al-Munawi (D. 1031AH):

“It is proper to entreat and ask for the help and intercession of the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) with Allah. No one from amongst the salaf and the khalaf denied this, until ibn Taymiyya came along and disapproved of this, and deviated from the straight path, and invented a position that no scholar has said before, and he became a deterrent example for Muslims”

[al-Munawi, Faydh al-Qadir, 2:170]

This was also mentioned by Imam Muhammad Amin ibn ‘Abidin al-Shami al-Hanafi (D. 1252AH) via Imam al-Munawi as follows:

نَعَمْ ذَكَرَ الْعَلَّامَةُ الْمُنَاوِيُّ فِي حَدِيثِ «اللَّهُمَّ إنِّي أَسْأَلُك وَأَتَوَجَّهُ إلَيْك بِنَبِيِّك نَبِيِّ الرَّحْمَةِ» عَنْ الْعِزِّ بْنِ عَبْدِ السَّلَامِ أَنَّهُ يَنْبَغِي كَوْنُهُ مَقْصُورًا عَلَى النَّبِيِّ – صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ – وَأَنْ لَا يُقْسِمَ عَلَى اللَّهِ بِغَيْرِهِ وَأَنْ يَكُونَ مِنْ خَصَائِصِهِ قَالَ وَقَالَ السُّبْكِيُّ: يَحْسُنُ التَّوَسُّلُ بِالنَّبِيِّ إلَى رَبِّهِ وَلَمْ يُنْكِرْهُ أَحَدٌ مِنْ السَّلَفِ وَلَا الْخَلَفِ إلَّا ابْنَ تَيْمِيَّةَ فَابْتَدَعَ مَا لَمْ يَقُلْهُ عَالِمٌ قَبْلَهُ اهـ

[Radd al-Muhtar ‘ala al-Durr al-Mukhtar Hashiya ibn ‘Abidin, vol. 6, pg. 397, Dar al-Fikr, Beirut ed.]

Imam Mustafa ibn Ahmad al-Shatti al-Hanbali (D. 1348AH) also mentioned this from Shaykh al-Islam Taqi al-Din al-Subki as follows:

“It is good to make intercession with the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) to his Lord. No one from the first generations (salaf), or those who followed (khalaf), repudiated this until Ibn Taymiyyah arrived. He repudiated intercession, went out from the straight path and innovated what no scholar before him had said, and became known for that among the people of Islam.”

[al-Shatti, al-Nuqul al-Shar’iyya fi al-Radd ‘ala al-Wahhabiyya, translated into English by al-Hajj Abu Ja’far al-Hanbali as The Divine Texts, pg. 57]